Satavahana Dynasty | Essay on Satavahana Dynasty | About Satavahana Dynasty | Satavahana Empire
The Satavahana dynasty competes for the foremost important role in Indian history within the time between the fall of the Mauryas and therefore the rise of Gupta Empire.
With Asoka’s death, his descendants lost management over components of the South Republic of India. Naturally, the native chiefs has taken over the chance and assumed independence.
In the initial century B.C. the Satavahana dynasty rose in prominence in Deccan (South India) for the next 3 centuries. The Satavahana Empire acted because the heir to the Mauryan Empire in Deccan.
We have possessed numerous epigraphic, numismatic and literary evidence to make a comprehensive image of the Satavahana rule Republic of India.
According to Wikipedia:
The Satavahanas (IAST: Sātavāhana) was an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan region. Most modern scholars believe that the Satavahana rule began in first century BCE and lasted until the second century CE, although some assign the beginning of their rule to as early as the 3rd century BCE. The Satavahana kingdom mainly comprised the present-day Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra. At different times, their rule extended to parts of modern Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka. The dynasty had different capital cities at different times, including Pratishthana (Paithan) and Amaravati (Dharanikota).
The origin of the dynasty is uncertain, but according to the Puranas, their first king overthrew the Kanva dynasty. In the post-Maurya era, the Satavahanas established peace in the Deccan region, and resisted the onslaught of foreign invaders. In particular, their struggles with the Saka Western Satraps went on for a long time. The dynasty reached its zenith under the rule of Gautamiputra Satakarni and his successor Vasisthiputra Pulamavi. The kingdom fragmented into smaller states by the early 3rd century CE.
The founding of Satavahana family is believed to be King Simuka. He overthrew the Kanva King Susarman and destroyed the Sungas. this can be what the Puranas told us. Simuka conquered the region around Vidhisa and his brother Krishna extended his kingdom in Nasik region.
The Nanaghat and Nasik inscriptions of the Satavahanas in Western Deccan, the absence of any early Satavahana inscriptions in eastern Deccan or Andhra region, Gautamiputra Satakarni’s reference of Mahendra hills because the eastern boundary of his kingdom, the Hathigumpha inscription of Kharavela of Kalinga that mentioned the Satavahanas as its western neighbour whereas the Andhra region was its southern neighbor – of these have prompted the students to formulate “the Western Deccan Origin” theory of the Satavahanas.
The growth of Satavahana Empire:
Satakarni I used to be the primary Satavahana king to create an imperial growth. The political turmoil of his time helped him in his regard. The Maurya authority was weak in South and West Asian country and also the North was invaded time and once more by the Yavanas.
Satakarni I conquered Malwa (western), Anupa (the Narmada depression region), Vidarbha (in Maharashtra), Sanchi and Bhoral State of Central Asian country. His empire reached within the east up to the border of Kalinga of Kharavela because the Hathigumpha inscription reads. His chief queen was Nayanika. He performed the horse sacrifice to celebrate his ringing victories and have become the Samrat or Lord paramount of Deccan. Together with his horse sacrifice the religious text Brahmanism in Deccan was revived.
The Kings patronage of learning attracted the students from way and close to into the royal court. Gunadhya the author of Brihatkatha was a recent of Hala. The king himself was an honest writer and possibly he compiled the verses of Gatha-Saptasati. He created some campaigns in eastern Deccan, tho’ the students expressed doubt in it. His general Vijayananda additionally created an expedition to Ceylon, the trendy Sri Lanka.
Gautamiputra Satakarni was the primary Satavahana king in contact a matronymic. He’s thought of the best of all the kings of Satavahana Empire. He suppressed the Sakas and also the Yavanas. He annexed Kanchi, Kolhapur, Malwa, and plenty of near territories. when ruling for twenty-eight or twenty-nine years Gautamiputra Satakarni died in or concerning one hundred thirty A.D. He was succeeded by his son Vasisthiputra Siri Pulumayi or Pulumayi II.
The Satavahanas are among the earliest Indian rulers to issue their own coins with portraits of their rulers, beginning with king Gautamiputra Satakarni, a observe derived from that of the Western Kshatrapas he defeated, itself originating with the Indo-Greek kings to the northwest.
Thousands of lead, copper and potin Satavahana coins are discovered within the Deccan region; a couple of gold and silver coins are obtainable. These coins don’t feature uniform style or size, and recommend that multiple minting locations existed at intervals the Satavahana territory, resulting in regional variations in coinage.
The coin legends of the Satavahanas, altogether areas and every one periods, used a Prakrit accent while not exception. Some reverse coin legends are in Tamil, and Telugu languages.
Several coins carry titles or matronyms that were common to multiple rulers (e.g. Satavahana, Satakarni, and Pulumavi), that the variety of rulers documented by coinage can not be determined with certainty. The names of sixteen to twenty rulers seem on the varied coins. a number of these rulers seem to be native elites instead of the Satavahana monarchs.