Sasanka | Essay on Sasanka | Sasanka Essay | About Sasanka the Ancient King of Bengal
Sasanka, the ancient King of Bengal was a major ruler of the history of Bengal. Throughout his rulership, Bengal compete for a major role within the North Indian politics. King Sasanka liberated Gauda from the later Guptas generally in 606 A.D. And have become its king. His capital was within the town of Karnasuvarna.
We don’t have any positive proof of the extent of King Sasanka’s empire in Bengal. Because the king of Gauda he probably dominated over Northern and Western Bengal. We cannot undoubtedly say if he dominated over the Southern and eastern Bengal. Probably before going out for subjection the territories outside Bengal, he had conquered the complete of the country. From the Doobi Copper plate it’s noted that Sasankas had defeated and captive the Kamrupraj Bhaskaravarman.
According to Wikipedia:
King Shashanka (IAST: Śaśāṃka) created the first separate political entity in a unified Bengal, called the Gauda Kingdom and is a major figure in Bengali history. He reigned in 7th century AD, and some historians place his rule approximately between 590 AD and 625 AD. He is the contemporary of Harsha and of Bhaskaravarman of Kamarupa. His capital was at Karnasubarna, in present-day Murshidabad in West Bengal. The development of the Bengali calendar is often attributed to Shashanka because the starting date falls within his reign
It is true Sasanka dreamt of a huge empire. He defeated king Sambhhuyasas of the Nana folk of Dandabhukti, most likely modern Danton of Midnapore, Utkala, and Kangada. These places were probably the modern Midnapore, Northern, and Southern Orissa. It’s learned that the Sailadbhava folk of Southern Orissa had acknowledged his suzerainty up to 619 A.D. to date we all know the southern limit of Sasanka’s reign was up to Chilka Lake in Southern Orissa although Dr. R.C. Mazumdar told us that his kingdom extended within the South up to the Mahendra Mountain in Ganjam district.
But his western expedition was the foremost outstanding expedition. The Maukharis of Kanauj was his most persistent enemies. Since the amount of later Gupta’s they continually tried to possess Magadha and Gauda. Sasanka needed to secure his dominion from the aggressive styles of those Maukharis. In the meantime, the Maukharis gained abundant power once the Maukharis king, Grahavarma, married Rajyasri, the girl of Prabhakarvardhana, the king of Thaneswar, asa results of that Kanauj and Thaneswar aligned to suppress Sasanka of Gauda. To strengthen himself Sasanka shaped a counter alliance with Devagupta of Malwa. So the Northern Indian diplomacy gave rise to 2 rival blocs and a fierce conflict between the 2 was eminent.
Sasanka acted initial and annexed Magadha and additionally conquered Banaras. Once the Maukharis king Prabhakarvardhana died, Devagupta of Malaya in the course of Sasanka attacked the isolated Kanauj. Maukharis king Grahavarman was killed, the widow queen Rajashree was jailed and also the town of Kanauj captured and pillaged.
Thus Gauda, Malwa became the master of Kanauj. So as to require revenge of the murder of his in-law Grahavarman and rescue his sister Rajyasri, the Thaneswar king Rajyavardhana advanced with a powerful contingent and defeated Malwa king Deva Gupta, however himself was killed by Sasanka. So Sasanka remained the lone master for the nowadays. The story relating to however Sasanka killed Rajyavardhana still provokes argument among the students. The modern analysis’s Banabhatta and Hiuen-Tsang were the partisans of Harsha, who undoubtedly had personal prejudices against Sasanka. Probably Sasanka defeated Rajyavardhana in open and truthful fight. However at an equivalent time Dr. D.C. Ganguly and Dr. R.G. Basak accepted the speculation of Sasanka’s treachery.
However, we don’t recognize a lot of concerning Emperor Sasanka’s role in Kanauj when Rajyavardhana’s death. Most likely he came to Gauda by putting Grahavarman’s younger brother on the throne of Kanauj as a protégé. Afterward the new King of Thaneswar, Harshavardhana occupied Kanauj. However, Sasanka couldn’t march to Thaneswar from Kanauj, nor might he keep Kanauj underneath his management. Neither we are positive if Harshavardhana in the least was able to defeat Sasanka elsewhere. Although it absolutely was thus, “Sasanka on the loose with very little loss.”
The last years of Sasanka’s reign have well-tried his unrelieved powers until his death. Harshavardhana might capture Gauda solely when Sasanka’s death. The Ganjam inscription of 619 A.D. amply proves that until 619 A.D. Sasanka was the sovereign ruler of Bengal, South Bihar and Orissa. Moreover, once in 637-38 A.D. the noted Chinese pilgrim Hiuen -Tsang paid a visit to Magadha he found that the notable Bodhi Tree of Gaya was recently slow down by Sasanka. It proves that until 638 A.D. Sasankas was the master of Bihar. Presumably Sasankas died while not jiltingany heir. He appeared as a meteor in Bengal and left a blazing path of glory.
So far we’ve got mentioned the thundering political achievements of King Sasankas of Bengal. We don’t have, sadly, abundant evidences of his worthy administration. It’s learned that Sasanka was a faithful Saiva and patronised Saivism. We’ve got detected a lot of concerning Sasanka’s anti-Buddhist activities, like reducing the Bodhi Tree of Bodh Gaya, his tries to efface the footprints of Buddha from the Stone unbroken at Pataliputra, his oppression over the Buddhist etc. from the story told by Hiuen-Tsang. However these stories came from the hostile pen of a biased Buddhist author who had no respect for Sasankas. However, in ancient Asian country spiritual intolerance was terribly rare and it’s not acceptable that Sasanka had shown any intolerance. Had he ever burdened the Buddhist it absolutely was owing to his political reasons.
Bana and Hiuen-Tsang tried to smirch Sasankas. However, it absolutely was he who had an imperial vision. It absolutely was he who created a daring bid for the empire of Northern Republic of India. Under him, tho’ for a moment, Bengal had gained a distinguished place in Indian politics. King Sasanka of Bengal, so arranged the inspiration of that policy on that the Butea monosperma later designed up their large empire. Sasankas was condemned by the modern writers. Even the Buddhist writers ridiculed him within the story of his death. thence the task of doing real judgment of his achievements lies with the posterity.