Pallava Dynasty | Pallava Kings | Essay on Pallava Dynasty | About Pallava Dynasty
Pallava Dynasty Essay: The decay of the Satavahana Empire expedited the emergence of a number of recent kingdoms on its ruins. Among them, the Kings of Pallava family were the foremost noted, who occupied the south-eastern a part of the Satavahana Empire and based their capital at Kanchipuram, popularly known as “Kanchi”.
The Pallava Kings failed to patronage Tamil language and in their early body system, they followed the Satavahana vogue rather than the Tamil vogue.
According to Wikipedia:
The Pallava dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of what is today southern India. They gained prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahana dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories.
Pallavas became a major power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571 – 630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630 – 668 CE) and dominated the Telugu and northern parts of the Tamil region for about 600 years until the end of the 9th century. Throughout their reign they were in constant conflict with both Chalukyas of Badami in the north and the Tamil kingdoms of Chola and Pandyas in the south and were finally defeated by the Chola kings in the 9th century CE.
History of Pallava Dynasty:
This evidence powerfully supported the idea that the Pallavas were non-Tamil in their origin. However, students don’t seem to be unanimous during this regard. They place a variety of theories regarding their origin. B.L. Rice known as the Pallavas as foreigners, happiness to the Pallava or Parthian race. However, this theory had not been accepted by all. Prof. Dubrevil told that Pallava minister of Rudradamana, Subisakha was the antecedent of the Pallavas of Kanchi. However, this theory has not been accepted either. On the opposite hand, Prof. M.C. Rasanayagam declared that the Pallavas were the offspring of a Chola prince and a Naga princess of Manipallavam. So Pallava is that the name of a folk not a tribe or category.
Dr. K Aiyanger gave us a 3rd theory wherever he known as the Pallavas as feudatories of the Satavahanas. Prof. Rawlinson and different students have stressed on the autochthonous southern origin of the Pallava folk. But Prof. K.P. Jayaswall has marked them as a branch of the Brahmin folk of the Vaktakas of Northern Bharat. Although there’s some substance during this theory nothing undoubtedly are often same regarding their origin.
King of Pallava Dynasty Simhavishnu | Pallava Dynasty during King Simhavishnu:
Whatever could bell be} their origin this abundant we came to understand certainly that the family began once Raja Simhavishnu ascended the throne someday in or concerning 575 A.D. however that was time once the attack from a semi-barbarian anti-Brahminical individuals, referred to as Kalabhras had shattered the peaceful lifetime of the Tamil country. Simhavishnu places an finish thereto political confusion of the Tamil land and conquered Cholamandalam and additionally defeated the Ceylon and Tamil countries. Therefore his sovereignty extended from Krishna to the Kaveri. As he was the patron of the good author Bharavi, he probably took the primary step to convert the place to an excellent center of Pallava art.
King of Pallava Dynasty Raja Mahendravarman I | Pallava Dynasty during Raja Mahendravarman I:
Simhavishnu’s successor, Raja Mahendravarman I used to be a flexible genius having proficiency in each the art of war and art of peace. It had been in his reign the Chalukya Pallava competition began and lasted for nearly a century that had a nice impact on the South Indian Political History. Pulakesin took away the northern province of Vengi from the Pallavas although the later may save the Capital Kanchi from the aggressive Chalukya king. It’s not for his political career except for the Pallava study activities that King Mahendravarman ought to be remembered.
He excavated several rock-cut temples at Trichinopoly, Chinglepet, North Arcot and South Arcot districts. Mahendravarman I conjointly designed the famed town of Mahendravati and a good water reservoir close to it.
Raja Mahendravarman himself being an author and a musician wrote the famed Mattavilas Prahasana, a farce in Sanskritic language. Mahendravarman was conjointly the author of a variety of treaties on music. He conjointly patronized paintings. although a Jaina in his 1st life he became a Saiva in his later days. King Mahendravarman I had a nice passion for prime sounding titles and therefore we found him victimisation titles like Gunabhara, Vichitrachitta etc. That symbolised his greatness and versatile genius.
King of Pallava Dynasty Narasimhavarman I | Pallava Dynasty during King Narasimhavarman I:
But the best of all Pallava kings was Narasimhavarman I who succeeded his father Mahendravarman in 630 A.D. underneath him the facility of Pallava family, reached its celestial point and thus he assumed the title Mahamalla. He inflicted a crushing defeat on Pulakesin II, the Chalukya king, and captured the latter’s capital Vatapi wherever when assumed the title Vatapikonda or master of Vatapi. Through this win the Pallavas established their dominance over Deccan as way because of the Mysore country.
Narasimhavarman I created a series of conquests against the Cholas, Cheras, Kalabhras and also the Pandyas. Prof. N.K. Sastri told us that Narasimhavarman even sent 2 military service expeditions to Ceylon to enthrone his receiver Manavarman. However, at identical time Narasimhavarman was a good builder. Narasimhavarman adorned Mahamallapuram, the chief port of the empire, with stone temples known as Rathas. Many rock cut temples of Trichinapalli were additionally his accomplishment.
But throughout the reign his grandchild Parameswara Varman I, the Chalukya Pallava hereditary struggle relapsed. Chalukya Pulakesin II’s son Vikramaditya I initially conquered Kanchi and pushed the Pallavas southward up to Trichinopoly. However, Parameswaravarman ultimately defeated Vikramaditya I and drove him away towards his own country. A loyal Saiva, Parameswaravarman another to the construction of Mahavalipuram.
King of Pallava Dynasty Narasimhavarman II | Pallava Dynasty during King Narasimhavarman II:
The next king Narasimhavarman II reigned peacefully and through the amount the renowned Kailashnath temple of Kanchi was made along side the shore temple of Mahavalipuram. Narasimhavarman IIexchanged embassy with China and then so much we all know, Dandin the renowned Sanskrit scholar lived in his court. Throughout the reign of his son, Parameswaravarman II another time occupied Kanchi, however, that too for a shorter time. Following king Nandivarman II had to face a stormy amount in his reign. His accession on the throne wasn’t unquestioned. He had an engagement with the Pandyas, his southern neighbour who were ultimately defeated.
The Pandyas aggression inspired the hereditary enemy of the Pallavas, the Chalukyas to attack and capture Kanchi. However, the superior Chalukya Vikramaditya II showed his “civility and culture by preventing plunder of town and restoring to the temples the wealth that belonged to them.” However, within the second expedition led by Kirtivarman the Chalukya, the Pallavas were fobbed of their gold, wealth, and elephants. The Rashtrakuta king Dandidurga additionally defeated Nandivarman. the sole military success that the later achieved was against the Ganga rulers of province and annexed some elements of their territory. Nandivarman was a pious Vaishnava. The renowned Muktesvara temple was engineered by him. However, as a military general, he exhibited terribly poor performance.
Fall of Pallava | Decline of Pallava:
From his successors, the decay of the Pallava authority began. Aggression from the Pandyas within the South which of the Rashtrakutas within the North had eclipsed their glory. The Pallava king Nripatunaga created a final plan to oust the enemies of the Pallava Empire with help from the feudatory powers like Cholas and Gangas. it had been triple-crown. The Pandyas were entirely defeated. However, that exhibited the interior weakness of the Pallavas and energized Hindu deity Chola a feudatory of the Pallavas to create a coup and seize the authority of Tondamandalam from the Pallavas. sothe Pallava rule Tondamandalam came to a finish. This is often up to now the achievements of the Pallavas within the history of India are involved.