Full Form of TCP | TCP Full Form | What is TCP | About TCP
Full Form of TCP is Transmission Control Protocol: The TCP/IP is the standard network layered protocol suite. The TCP/IP model divides the protocols into numerous layers, on the basis of their functionality. TCP and IP are 2 distinct and the most simple protocols of the TCP/IP protocol suite, from whom the model got its name.
The TCP/IP protocol suite is split into four layers, namely:
Layer one – Network access layer
Layer two – web Layer
Layer three – Transport Layer
Layer four – Application Layer
The lowermost layer, i.e. the Network access layer provides all the functionalities for handling packets of 2 totally different hosts on a similar link. the web layer has 2 basic functions: Routing and addressing. IP resides during this layer and handles these tasks. At layer three i.e. the transport layer, a process-to-process delivery of the whole message is done. it’s the responsibility of the protocol that resides at the transport layer, to check the correctness and ordering of information.
According to Wikipedia:
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite. It originated in the initial network implementation in which it complemented the Internet Protocol (IP). Therefore, the entire suite is commonly referred to as TCP/IP. TCP provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of octets between applications running on hosts communicating by an IP network. Major Internet applications such as the World Wide Web, email, remote administration, and file transfer rely on TCP. Applications that do not require reliable data stream service may use the User Datagram Protocol (UDP), which provides a connectionless datagram service that emphasizes reduced latency over reliability.