Full Form of RNA | RNA Full Form | What is RNA
Full Form of RNA is Ribonucleic Acid: RNA stands for ribonucleic acid. It’s a very important molecule with long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide contains a nitrogenous base, a carbohydrate sugar, and a phosphate. similar to DNA, ribonucleic acid is important for living beings.
The main job of ribonucleic acid is to transfer the genetic code want for the creation of proteins from the nucleus to the organelle. This method prevents the deoxyribonucleic acid from having to depart the nucleus. This keeps the deoxyribonucleic acid and genetic code protected against injury. While not ribonucleic acid, proteins may ne’er be created.
According to Wikipedia:
RNA is physically different from DNA: DNA contains two intercoiled strands, but RNA only contains one single strand. RNA also contains different bases from DNA. These bases are the following:
Adenine forms bonds with uracil, and guanine forms bonds with cytosine. In this way, we say that adenine is complementary to uracil and that guanine is complementary to cytosine. The first three bases are also found in DNA, but uracil replaces thymine as a complement to adenine.
RNA also contains ribose as opposed to deoxyribose found in DNA. These differences result in RNA being chemically more reactive than DNA. This makes it the more suitable molecule to take part in cell reactions.
RNA is the carrier of genetic information in certain viruses, especially the retroviruses like the HIV virus. This is the only exception to the general rule that DNA is the hereditary substance.