Full Form of HIV | HIV Full Form | What is HIV | About HIV
Full Form of HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus: HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s a deadly virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) which is an advanced stage of HIV infection. It’s a non-curable disease. This virus affects the human immune system and makes them terribly susceptible to get contact with illness like influenza, cough, tuberculosis etc. HIV destroys the specific white blood cells (CD4+ cells). If a large variety of these cells are destroyed, the body can?t fight against the infection. As the infection progress, it turns into AIDS. AIDS is the condition of complete failure of human system.
The late stage of AIDS is often complicated by infection of the respiratory organ called pneumocystis pneumonia, severe weight loss, a type of cancer called kaposi’s sarcoma etc. AIDS was 1st discovered in 1981 in United State of America. It’s believed that HIV infection was originated in non-human primates in West Central Africa and transferred to humans. There’s no proper way to test the presence of HIV in body because HIV is extremely little and can’t be isolated from the blood. There are completely different processes utilized in the different a part of the world to diagnose HIV. The foremost common test to diagnose HIV is ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay) test.
According to Wikipedia:
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Following initial infection, a person may not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. Typically, this is followed by a prolonged period with no symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more with the immune system, increasing the risk of common infections like tuberculosis, as well as other opportunistic infections, and tumors that rarely affect people who have working immune systems. These late symptoms of infection are referred to as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This stage is often also associated with weight loss.