Full Form of DNA | DNA Full Form | Meaning of DNA | About DNA
Full Form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic Acid: Deoxyribonucleic acid is that the hereditary material altogether famed living organisms containing the genetic directions utilized in their development and functioning. The deoxyribonucleic acid segments carrying this genetic info are known as genes. It’s is found within a special space of the cell known as the nucleus.
According to Wikipedia:
DNA, short for deoxyribonucleic acid, is the molecule that contains the genetic code of organisms. This includes animals, plants, protists, archaea, and bacteria.
DNA is in each cell in the organism and tells cells what proteins to make. Mostly, these proteins are enzymes. DNA is inherited by children from their parents. This is why children share traits with their parents, such as skin, hair and eye color. The DNA in a person is a combination of the DNA from each of their parents.
Part of an organism’s DNA is “non-coding DNA” sequences. They do not code for protein sequences. Some noncoding DNA is transcribed into non-coding RNA molecules, such as transfer RNA, ribosomal RNA, and regulatory RNAs. Other sequences are not transcribed at all, or give rise to RNA of unknown function. The amount of non-coding DNA varies greatly among species. For example, over 98% of the human genome is non-coding DNA, while only about 2% of a typical bacterial genome is non-coding DNA.
The strands of the deoxyribonucleic acid create a duplicate of every and becomes 2 stands. This is often the explanation why humans provides birth to humans, eagle to eagle, horse to horse and then on for each kind of living creature.
The code of polymer is created from four chemical bases name:
- Adenine (A)
- Guanine (G)
- Cytosine (C)
- Thymine (T)
DNA bases combine up with one another, ie. A with T and C with G, to make units known as base pairs.