Facts of Indian Ocean | Various Facts about the Indian Ocean
Facts of Indian Ocean: The Indian Ocean is that the third largest oceanic divisions within the world next to the Pacific and also the ocean. It’s however larger than Antarctic Ocean (Southern Ocean) and ocean covering twenty % (one-fifth) of the planet waters. It’s scattered with thousands of tropical Islands like the Seychelles and also the Maldives. The Ocean’s average depth is 3,890 m (12,762 ft) and ocean’s volume is around 292,131,000 cubic km.
The Ocean waters flow into unsymmetrically within the waters on the west of continent, east of Malay Peninsula, Sunda Islands, and Australia, south of Southern Ocean, and north of Asia as well as the Indian earth from that the name comes. The Indian Ocean was once united with the Southern Ocean however in 2000, the International hydrographical Organization removed the portion of Indian Ocean sixty degrees to south latitude so as to form the fifth Ocean, the Southern Ocean.
Facts About the Indian Ocean | Indian Ocean Facts | Facts of Indian Ocean:
HISTORY OF INDIAN OCEAN:
Some man of science believes that the formation of the ocean began two hundred million years past. Within the ancient time, Republic of India was united with continent and Australia, Antarctica, and South America into a large solid ground called Gondwanaland. The Indian Ocean shaped once Australia bust from continent followed by Republic of India and different lands.
DISCOVERY OF INDIAN OCEAN:
Indian Ocean was discovered by a Greek, Eudoxus of Cyzicus who 1st crossed the ocean within the ordinal or first century B.C.. Throughout that point, sailor Hippalus additionally discovered the direct path from Arabian Peninsula to Republic of India. The event of trade relations created to the invention of the ocean.
GEOLOGY OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The Mid-Indian vary is that the underwater ridge of the Indian Ocean that could be a continuation of Atlantic ridges. It extends to the Rodrigues Island within the North branching towards the northward Gulf of Aden and southward of Macquarie Islands. The mid-Indian vary is additionally referred to as the Carlsberg Ridge that is related to seismically active earthquake epicentre belts.
SOVERIGN OF INDIAN OCEAN:
In the1880s, Indian Ocean was beneath the ability of UK however when declining it, Republic of India and Australia took over. Geographically, Bharat has its role to stabilize the Ocean. However, China’s threat results to the starting of the ocean for different countries.
PLATE MOVEMENTS OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The Indian Ocean is believed of obtaining centimeters wider per annum. Currently, the Indian Plate is moving north-east at five centimeters per annum, whereas the Eurasian Plate is moving north at solely a pair of centimeters per annum. This causes the Eurasian Plate to deform, and therefore the Indian Plate to compress at a rate of four millimeters per annum.
CLIMATE OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The Indian Ocean is that the warmest ocean within the world. However, temperature varies between tropical western and therefore the eastern Indian Ocean, referred to as the Indian Ocean Dipole or IOD. The IOD has 3 sustained changes of phase: Neutral IOD (cooler than traditional water within the west and hotter than traditional within the east), Positive IOD (warmer than traditional water within the west and cooler than traditional water within the east), and Negative IOD (normal water within the west and cooler than traditional water within the east).
BORDERING COUNTRIES OF INDIAN OCEAN:
There are many countries that certain the Indian Ocean. These are Islamic Republic of Iran, Pakistan, India, and People’s Republic of Bangladesh on the north; the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands of Republic of Indonesia, and Australia on the east; Antarctic continent on the south; and Africa and therefore the Arabia on the west. The southwest waters be a part of the Atlantic that is south of the southern tip of Africa, whereas the east and southeast waters be a part of the Pacific Ocean.
MARINE LIFE OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The Indian Ocean has restricted marine life owing to hotter water temperature. Still, it’s thought of as the largest breeding grounds of humpback whales within the world and a number of the biggest thriving spot of plant life, particularly within the summer. The Indian Ocean conjointly shares the second largest production of Tuna and a spot wherever species thrive like sirenian, seals, turtles, and whales. Coelacanth, an extinct fish species, was discovered within the waters of Comoro Islands between African nation and Madagascar.
OCEAN CURRENT OF INDIAN OCEAN:
Unlike different oceans, currents within the Indian Ocean change course double a year. throughout winter, currents are blown by monsoon winds toward continent and through summer, they’re blown in alternative direction towards the Republic of India. The ocean currents facilitate the navigation and trade become made within the ocean.
PORTS OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The Indian Ocean has ports within the bordering countries like in Republic of India, Sri Lanka, African country, Australia, and the Republic of Indonesia. These ports are used for the trade of oil, fish and different minerals from different countries. These additionally become various routes in navigating the seas.
EARTHQUAKE OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The first sub surface megathrust earthquake was recorded within the Indian Ocean on December twenty six, 2004. The large earthquake was caused by the geological process of the Myanmar to the Indian Plate. The geological process triggered a series of tsunamis on the coasts bordering the ocean killing 230,000 individuals in fourteen countries, with waves up to thirty meters high.
TROPICAL CYCLONE OF INDIAN OCEAN:
The strongest storm recorded within the basin of Indian Ocean (Southwest) is that the Cyclone of Gafilo. it absolutely was the deadliest and most harmful cyclone of the 2003-2004 season. It killed a minimum of 237 individuals and $250 million in value of injury within the Madagascar.