Chemical Weathering | What is Chemical weathering

Chemical Weathering | What is Chemical weathering | Chemical weathering Essay | About Chemical Weathering  

Chemical weathering pertains to the changes in rock structure beneath the action or influence of chemical reactions. There are many natural chemical processes and reactions inside the rocks the modification the composition and also the structure of the rocks over time. Temperature and, especially, wet are important for chemical weathering. Chemical weathering, therefore, happens a lot of quickly in hot, wet environmental condition regions.

Essay on Chemical Weathering | Meaning of Chemical Weathering | Article on Chemical Weathering

When rain falls, the water is slightly acidic as a result of carbonic acid gas from the air dissolves in it. The rock might become weather worn as a result of the minerals present in it which will react with the fresh water to create new minerals and soluble salts.

Chemical-weathering happens as a result of the processes that are gradual and in progress, thus ever-changing the geology of the rocks over time that creates them to wear away, dissolve, or disintegrate. The rock’s chemical transformations are thus extremely influenced by the interaction of water and element through processes like chemical reaction and oxidization.

The ultimate end-result is that the formation of latest materials that contribute to the creation of pores and fissures within the rocks, in turn, fast the disintegration action. Chemical-weathering involves numerous processes and kinds of weathering. Here are the elaborate aspects.

Two necessary classifications of weathering processes exist which are the physical and chemical weathering. Every generally involves a biological element. Mechanical or physical weathering involves the breakdown of rocks and soils through direct contact with part conditions, like heat, water, ice, and pressure. The second section of chemical weathering involves the direct result of part chemicals or biologically made chemicals additionally referred to as biological weathering within the rocks, soils and minerals breakdown.

Whereas physical weathering is accentuated in terribly cold or terribly dry environments, chemical reactions are most intense wherever the climate is wet and hot. However, each kind of weathering occur along, and every tends to accelerate the opposite. as an example, physical abrasion decreases the dimensions of particles and thus will increase their expanse, creating them a lot of vulnerable to fast chemical reactions. The varied agents act joined to convert primary minerals to secondary minerals and unleash plant nutrient components in soluble forms.

Types of Chemical Weathering | What are the Different Types of Chemical Weathering?


Oxidation is another variety of chemical-weathering. oxidization is additionally referred to as corrosion. It’s the method whereby the rock minerals lose one or additional ions or atoms within the presence of oxygen. Once minerals within the rock oxidize, they decrease immune to weathering. oxygen combines with alternative substances via the reaction method giving rise to the particle or atom lose.

For instance, iron metal rusts as a result of its ions modification from one type to a different by losing one negatron. It becomes red or rust coloured once change. in an exceedingly similar manner, iron-bearing minerals in rocks undergo such a method by losing ions that alter its structure and size from one kind to a different. The wearing of the rocks is therefore sped up by oxidation/rusting because the resultant oxides are weaker than the initial materials. Modification of rock color may be a prime example of rock disintegration by reaction.


Dissolution equally means that natural action. It the method by that the rocks are dissolved once exposed to rain. Sedimentary rock and rock salts are notably the rocks that form solvent solutions once exposed to rain, surface waters, or perhaps well water. Upon dissolving, the minerals within the rocks become particle solutions within the water that are then washed away. Karst options are a standard example of this development.


Carbonation is that the compounding of water with CO2 to form acid. Suffusion takes place once the rock minerals react with weak acid shaped once water combines with CO2 within the atmosphere. Carbonic acid acts on the rock by breaking down and dissolving its mineral contents. The dissolved materials are washed away by spring water, and therefore the soluble ions are hold on within the groundwater supply. Rocks like sedimentary rock and feldspar expertise this kind of chemical weathering additional. This sort of weathering is very important within the formation of caves.


Hydrolysis is that the chemical reactions caused by water. Water reacts with the rock and alters the dimensions and chemical compositions of the minerals, modification their resistance to weathering. Whenever minerals are hydrolyzed, crystal rocks and clay minerals like metal, potassium, and metallic element ions are made.

This type of chemical process is extremely common in igneous rocks. The reaction takes either the shape of association or dehydration. Absorption of water into the rock pertains to hydration whereas the removal of water from the rock pertains to dehydration. hydration expands the rock’s volume leading to size alteration.

This is however mineral is created. Dehydration, on the opposite hand, reduces the quantity of the rock. an honest example is that the formation of iron ore from the removal of water from rock.

Process of Chemical Weathering | Chemical Weathering Process:


Acid rain happens once rain becomes acid by combination with acidic depositions within the atmosphere. The combustion of fossil fuels like coal, gasoline, and gas releases oxides of gas, sulfur, and carbon into the air that reacts with wet to make rain that’s a lot of acidic than traditional. The ensuing air pollution then reacts with the rock’s mineral particles to supply new minerals and salts which will simply dissolve or wear away the rock grains.


Storm water plays a crucial role within the chemical reaction and oxidization processes inside the rocks. Storm water will become somewhat acidic by engrossing greenhouse gas within the atmosphere and in and of itself this activates activity with the mineral granular particles within the rock manufacturing chemical compounds like salts and minerals that dissolve or chow away the rocks.


Various plants and animals will produce chemical-weathering by emitting acidic compounds. As such, microscopic organisms like bryophyte, lichens, bacteria, and protoctist will speed up chemical weathering particularly on the rock surfaces wherever they grow. They unharness what are termed as acidifying molecules and chelating compounds (siderophores and organic acids). These compounds have the potential of breaking down iron and metallic element minerals within the rocks that are then dissolved by water, leading to chemical weathering.


The process of mountain movements exposes new rocks to the region conditions like wet and extreme temperatures, permitting chemical weathering to require place. as an example, exposure of the rocks to surface waters or rain accelerates chemical weathering by chemical reaction and acidic reactions that eat away metal ions and alternative minerals.

Images of Chemical Weathering | Posters of Chemical Weathering | Photos of Chemical Weathering:

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