Alauddin Khilji | Essay on Alauddin Khilji | Deccan Policy of Khilji | About Alauddin Khilji
The Deccan Policy of Alauddin Khilji was based totally on economic motives. When his huge success within the North, Alauddin Khilji currently turned his mighty hands to overcome the states lay in South and South-West Asian country.
The Deccan Policies, campaigns, and its military operations were principally administered by leader Kafur the good noteworthy general of Alauddin Khilji, and therefore the success in these operations was in the main thanks to him. However, at identical time Alauddin ought to be attributable as a result of he was the primary ruler of Old Delhi who directed his army to cross the Vindhyas and establish his sway over the foremost portion of the Southern earth.
Devagiri was conquered by Alauddin Khilji in 1294 whereas he was the governor of Kara. The Yadava king Ramachandra had ceded the annual revenue of Ilichpur province. It happened that for 3 serial years the king failed to send the annual revenue and thus so as to penalise the king, a second invasion was created to Devagiri within the year 1306. One more reason for the invasion was that the king had additionally given shelter to Karan Singh the ex-king of Gujrat and his daughter Debal Devi. The later was needed by her mother Kamala Devi whom Alauddin himself married. The dominion was attacked by 2 sides one being led by leader Kafur and different by alp Khan of Gujarat. Alp Khan defeated Karan Singh and sent his girl Debal Devi to Old Delhi wherever she was given a wedding to prince Khijir Khan. Leader Kafur defeated Ramachandradeva. He was additionally captured and sent to Old Delhi wherever he acknowledged the sovereignty of Alauddin Khilji and paid a large ransom for his unharness. The 3rd campaign against Devagiri was created throughout the reign of Shankardeva, the son of Ramachandra throughout 1313. Leader Kafur was once more the leader of the campaign. Now Shankardeva was defeated and killed.
Next leader Kafur marched towards Warangal. The Kakatiya ruler Prataparudradeva of Warangal, the Capital of Telangana was a really brave king. On the earlier occasion, an expedition below leader Chhajju was sent against him in 1303 through Bengal and state, however, couldn’t achieve success. Prataparudradeva had inflicted a serious defeat on the Sultan’s army. thence this point leader Kafur was sent to defeat Prataparudradeva in 1308. Kafur took the king all at once because the later was unprepared. The king submitted and paid large war indemnity consisting of three hundred elephants, 7000 horses and a large amount of money and jewels. He was reduced to vassalage and conjointly united to pay annual tributes. Then leader Kafur raided Dwar-Samudra, the Hoysala Capital in 1310 A.D. and plundered its temples and stripped of their material resource and wealth. The country was reduced to vassaldom. From Dwar-Samudra Kafur advanced to the Pandya Capital of Madura. There a war of succession was happening between the brothers break up Pandya and Vira Pandya. break up Pandya invited Kafur to assist his cause. thence the expedition was created in 1313. Vira Pandya was defeated and wiped out.
In the South leader, Kafur additionally captured Gulbarga and therefore the region between river Krishna and Tungabhadra wherever he established garrisons at Raichur and Mudgal. He additionally with success taken possession of the ocean ports of Dabhol and Chaul. The conquest of Deccan was currently complete. Virtually the entire of a Southern Asian country was currently brought underneath the suzerainty of Delhi. However, Southern India wasn’t annexed to the empire of Delhi. Solely some garrison of troops, principally Turkish, were stationed in necessary cities.
The objects of Alauddin Khilji’s northern and southern campaign weren’t identical. Thence the Deccan policy of Alauddin Khilji was completely different from the policy he followed in the Northern Asian country. North Indian campaigns were directed principally with the motive of a philosophy. The conquered states were annexed to the Delhi land and a mighty empire was therefore designed upon. The South but was invaded with quite an completely different import. Here the thing was primarily economic. Alauddin had seen in his initial campaign in Devagiri huge wealth and wealth were hold on within the state treasury. He badly required the money to keep up his army and to bribe his antagonists at Delhi. The motive was political too. Alauddin dream of world conquest couldn’t be materialized. However, he desired to be known as an excellent victor.
Winning campaigns to the south whereas extended his sway over the territory additionally brought status to his arms. His policy wasn’t to assimilate the Southern States into the land however solely to scale back them to the slavery, on the condition of obtaining their kings acknowledge the sovereignty of Delhi and paying annual tributes. This was so a wise and politician like policy. the gap of the Southern States from Delhi additionally due to such a policy to be followed. Between stream Krishna and Tungabhadra wherever he established garrisons at Raichur and Mudgal. He additionally with success taken possession of the ocean ports of Dabhol and Chaul. The conquest of Deccan was currently complete. Virtually the entire of a Southern Asian country was currently brought underneath the suzerainty of Delhi. However Southern Asian country wasn’t annexed to the empire of Delhi. Solely some garrison of troops, principally Turkish, were stationed in necessary cities.
According to Wikipedia:
Ala ud-Din Khalji (r. 1296-1316) was the second and the most powerful ruler of the Khalji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate in the Indian subcontinent.
Alauddin was a nephew and a son-in-law of his predecessor Jalaluddin. When Jalaluddin became the Sultan of Delhi after deposing the Mamluks, Alauddin was given the position of Amir-i-Tuzuk (equivalent to Master of ceremonies). Alauddin obtained the governorship of Kara in 1291 after suppressing a revolt against Jalaluddin, and the governorship of Awadh in 1296 after a profitable raid on Bhilsa. In 1296, Alauddin raided Devagiri and used the loot to stage a successful revolt against Jalaluddin. After killing Jalaluddin, he consolidated his power in Delhi and subjugated Jalalaudidn’s sons in Multan.
Over the next few years, Alauddin successfully defended India against the Mongol invasions, at Jaran-Manjur (1297-1298), Sivistan(1298), Kili (1299), Delhi (1303), and Amroha (1305). In 1306, his forces achieved a decisive victory against the Mongols near the Ravi riverbank, and in the subsequent years, his forces ransacked the Mongol territories in present-day Afghanistan.